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Python使用设计模式中的责任链模式与迭代器模式的示例

2018-07-11

Python使用设计模式中的责任链模式与迭代器模式的示例

这篇文章主要介绍了Python使用设计模式中的责任链模式与迭代器模式的示例,责任链模式与迭代器模式都可以被看作为行为型的设计模式,需要的朋友可以参考下
责任链模式
责任链模式:将能处理请求的对象连成一条链,并沿着这条链传递该请求,直到有一个对象处理请求为止,避免请求的发送者和接收者之间的耦合关系。    
#encoding=utf-8
#
#by panda
#职责连模式
 
def printInfo(info):
  print unicode(info, 'utf-8').encode('gbk')
 
#抽象职责类
class Manager():
  successor = None
  name = ''
  def __init__(self, name):
    self.name = name
    
  def SetSuccessor(self, successor):
    self.successor = successor
    
  def HandleRequest(self, request):
    pass
 
#具体职责类:经理
class CommonManager(Manager):
  def HandleRequest(self, request):
    if request.RequestType == '请假' and request.Number <= 2:
      printInfo('%s:%s 数量%d 被批准' % (self.name, request.RequestContent, request.Number))
    else:
      if self.successor != None:
        self.successor.HandleRequest(request)
          
#具体职责类:总监
class Majordomo(Manager):
  def HandleRequest(self, request):
    if request.RequestType == '请假' and request.Number <= 5:
      printInfo('%s:%s 数量%d 被批准' % (self.name, request.RequestContent, request.Number))
    else:
      if self.successor != None:
        self.successor.HandleRequest(request)
 
#具体职责类:总经理
class GeneralManager(Manager):
  def HandleRequest(self, request):
    if request.RequestType == '请假':
      printInfo('%s:%s 数量%d 被批准' % (self.name, request.RequestContent, request.Number))
    elif request.RequestType == '加薪' and request.Number <= 500:
      printInfo('%s:%s 数量%d 被批准' % (self.name, request.RequestContent, request.Number))
    elif request.RequestType == '加薪' and request.Number > 500:
      printInfo('%s:%s 数量%d 再说吧' % (self.name, request.RequestContent, request.Number))
 
class Request():
  RequestType = ''
  RequestContent = ''
  Number = 0
 
def clientUI():
  jinLi = CommonManager('金力')
  zongJian = Majordomo('宗健')
  zhongJingLi = GeneralManager('钟金利')
    
  jinLi.SetSuccessor(zongJian)
  zongJian.SetSuccessor(zhongJingLi)
    
  request = Request()
  request.RequestType = '请假'
  request.RequestContent = '小菜请假'
  request.Number = 1
  jinLi.HandleRequest(request)
    
  request.RequestType = '请假'
  request.RequestContent = '小菜请假'
  request.Number = 5
  jinLi.HandleRequest(request)
    
  request.RequestType = '加薪'
  request.RequestContent = '小菜要求加薪'
  request.Number = 500
  jinLi.HandleRequest(request)
    
  request.RequestType = '加薪'
  request.RequestContent = '小菜要求加薪'
  request.Number = 1000
  jinLi.HandleRequest(request)
  return
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
  clientUI();

类图:

迭代器模式
迭代器模式:提供一种方法顺序访问一个聚合对象中的各个元素,而又不暴露该对象的内部表示。
python内置支持这种模式,所以一般来说,不用自己写,    
#encoding=utf-8
#
#by panda
#迭代器(Iterator)模式
 
def printInfo(info):
  print unicode(info, 'utf-8').encode('gbk')
 
#迭代器抽象类
class Iterator:
  def First(self):
    pass
    
  def Next(self):
    pass
    
  def IsDone(self):
    pass
    
  def CurrentItem(self):
    pass
    
#集合抽象类
class Aggregate:
  def CreateIterator(self):
    pass
    
#具体迭代器类:
class ConcreteIterator(Iterator):
  aggregate = None
  current = 0
  def __init__(self, aggregate):
    self.aggregate = aggregate
    self.current = 0
    
  def First(self):
    return self.aggregate[0]
 
  def Next(self):
    ret = None
    self.current += 1
    if(self.current < len(self.aggregate)):
      ret = self.aggregate[self.current]
    return ret
 
  def IsDone(self):
    if(self.current < len(self.aggregate)):
      return False
    else:
      return True
 
  def CurrentItem(self):
    ret = None
    if(self.current < len(self.aggregate)):
      ret = self.aggregate[self.current]
    return ret
    
#具体集合类
class ConcreteAggregate(Aggregate):
  items = None
  def __init__(self):
    self.items = []     
    
def clientUI():
  a = ConcreteAggregate()
  a.items.append('大鸟')
  a.items.append('小菜')
  a.items.append('行李')
  a.items.append('老外')
  a.items.append('公交内部员工')
  a.items.append('小偷')
    
    
  printInfo('---------迭代器模式-------------')
  i = ConcreteIterator(a.items)
  item = i.First()
  while(False == i.IsDone()):
    printInfo("%s 请买车票!" % i.CurrentItem());
    i.Next()
      
  printInfo('\n---------python内部迭代-------------')
  for item in a.items:
    printInfo("%s 请买车票!" % item);
  return
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
  clientUI();
类图:

完 谢谢观看

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